Analyzing the Water Crisis in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe Water Crisis

Authorities in Zimbabwe are struggling to cope with the overburdened water systems under the increasing pressures from rapidly expanding urban activity. Making things worse is the country’s inability to import water purifying chemicals.

Zimbabwe’s water crisis has crippled regular life in major cities as residents battle daily blackouts that last up to 18 hours. There is an acute shortage of medicine, banknotes, and fuel, while the inflation rate has shot up to 520%. Residents are forced to cope with one long queue after another.

Whether it’s long queues outside banks to receive their cash due to shortage of Zimbabwean dollars, or waiting at the gas station to refuel cars with diluted fuel that doesn’t last long enough – the queues never seem to end. The prices of bread skyrocketed by over 60% in 2019 due to escalating costs of production.

In Zimbabwe’s second city if Bulawayo, families are trekking to unsafe wells as taps run dry in drought-hit Zimbabwe. City authorities say they have had to shut down water supplies for 96 hours a week – more than half the time, often in two-day blocks – to cope with a sharp fall in reservoir levels caused by the country’s worst drought in years.

Although Zimbabwe is no stranger to the water crisis, the drought in 2019 – the worst in over a century – left over 4 million people without access to clean drinking water. In 2019, the level of rainfall in the country was about 25 percent less than the annual average. Ironically enough, getting hit by Cyclone Idai did little to provide water relief and only added to Zimbabweans’ misery by leaving dozens dead and causing widespread destruction.

On September 24, 2019, the government shut down Harare’s main waterworks, which brought the country’s productive cycle to a grinding halt and directly affected at least 2 million people. The unrelenting nightmare for residents in Zimbabwe, particularly those living in Harare, doesn’t seem to end.  

Who’s to Blame for the Water Crisis?

Two young women walk long distances due to the water crisis in Zimbabwe.
Two young women walk long distances due to the water crisis in Zimbabwe.

The United Nations puts the blame on global warming due to studies suggesting that global warming will create severe weather events, including a large number of frequent droughts.

Other critics believe that the government’s decision to ban the use of foreign currency in June 2019 and the newly created Zimbabwean dollar are to blame for the economic shortfall. The resulting budget deficits have prevented the government from importing chemicals needed to purify the water supply. For his part, president Mnangagwa redirects the responsibility of politicians from opposing parties like Mayor Gomba in Harare.

Mr. Mnangagwa became president after leading a coup that displaced Mugabe. He says the country is currently is undergoing a ‘revival’ and points to various measures he took that led to a rare budget surprise in 2019.

But the government’s failure to live up to past promises does little to inspire confidence. For instance, the dam that was promised under President Mugabe’s rule has yet to be completed. 

Zimbabwe also underwent construction activity of illegal housing at waterways, which led to the excessive use of wells and springs by the growing number of inhabitants.

The droughts and water shortage means that residents are forced to wait several hours in long queues to fill their containers with water, a process that used to take only minutes only months ago. It is common for scuffles to break out as frustrated residents struggle to wait for their turn.

The Effect of Climate Change on Zimbabwe’s Water Crisis

Global temperatures have been on the rise for many years. This is bad news for Zimbabweans and other countries in Africa because rainfall on earth has two extremes; it’s either long dry spells in one part of the world or prolonged rainfall that causes floods elsewhere. In fact, the World Health Organization estimates that half of the world’s population will live in water-deprived locations, and Zimbabwe just happens to be deep in the ‘dry zone’.

Due to the water crisis, Zimbabweans are forced to pump water from manual boreholes.
Due to the water crisis, Zimbabweans are forced to pump water from manual boreholes.

The scarcity of water has far-reaching consequences on our lifestyle for one simple reason: all life and manufacturing processes depend on clean water. Being a landlocked country, Zimbabwe is effectively cut off from the world’s oceans and depends on wells and boreholes that tap into the groundwater supply.

Zimbabwe does have its fair share of wetlands that provide water to the country’s struggling population but the wetlands not being protected by the government. Although enough progress has been made in legislation to protect wetlands, not enough is being done to create awareness about the importance of wetlands.

Insufficient Urban Infrastructure

Poor urban planning and insufficient action by regulatory authorities have resulted in the degradation of Zimbabwe’s wetlands. Harare’s only source of water, Lake Chivero, is particularly cluttered with illegal construction projects. As a result, the wetlands have been reduced to little more than concrete jungles as residents contaminate the water supply and add to Zimbabwe’s growing water crisis.  

The Human Rights Watch published a 60-page report that documented the main reasons for the water and sanitation crisis in Zimbabwe. Residents do not have access to sanitation services and potable water and, as a result, are forced to drink from unprotected wells that are often contaminated with sewage.

Many residents complain that the lack of clean water forces them to wait near boreholes for up to five hours a day. There are over 200 boreholes in Zimbabwe, many of which were drilled by international agencies during the cholera outbreak. The bad news is that over 1/3rd of these boreholes in Harare are contaminated, according to tests done by Harare Water.

The government, for its part, has been noted to charge residents for municipal water even though it does not flow frequently enough to justify bills. If people refuse to pay their bills, the government would simply respond by shutting down their water supply.

Sewage Mixes in with Treated Water

The sanitation infrastructure is in decay, with leaks running across old unmaintained pipes. In worst-case scenarios, unregulated sewage pipes mix in with tap water. This means that the sewage pipe flows into the water supply and causes life-threatening diseases. Nearby water sources are also contained with flowing sewage and are teeming with various disease vectors such as flies which contribute to the spread of diseases including cholera and typhoid.

Replacing the poor piping infrastructure is a tall order for the Zimbabwean government, and will require at least $6 billion. That seems difficult in a country that is coping with extreme inflation. The United Nations has sounded an emergency alarm calling for help and donations from well-off donors like China and the US – will they respond? 

297 thoughts on “Analyzing the Water Crisis in Zimbabwe

  1. Pingback: how often can take viagra

  2. Pingback: why two tubs in cialis commercials

  3. Pingback: essay

  4. Pingback: viagra ciles

  5. Pingback: cialis copay

  6. Pingback: flomax and viagra interaction

  7. Pingback: cialis tablets in australia

  8. Pingback: cheap generic cialis in the us

  9. Pingback: cialis super active experiences

  10. Pingback: buy cialis rush

  11. Pingback: cialis 20mg

  12. Pingback: buy cialis with paypal

  13. Pingback: suppliers of generic viagra

  14. Pingback: how much does cialis cost with insurance

  15. Pingback: cialis stores

  16. Pingback: amoxicillin allergy symptoms

  17. Pingback: azithromycin z pack 5 day

  18. Pingback: generic celebrex proce walmart

  19. Pingback: cephalexin side effects in women

  20. Pingback: new name for cymbalta

  21. Pingback: buy cialis tadalafil tablets

  22. Pingback: amoxicillin birth control

  23. Pingback: buy cialis online overnight

  24. Pingback: azithromycin for pneumonia

  25. Pingback: celecoxib dosage

  26. Pingback: keflex and black gooey poop

  27. Pingback: cymbalta cost walmart

  28. Pingback: buy cialis cheap canada

  29. Pingback: funny cialis jokes

  30. Pingback: best prices for sildenafil 20mg

  31. Pingback: cialis 20mg for sale

  32. Pingback: how to buy cialis online uk

  33. Pingback: viagra before after pictures

  34. Pingback: cialis 20mg for sale

  35. Pingback: best essay help

  36. Pingback: good thesis statements

  37. Pingback: best college essay service

  38. Pingback: dissertation proposal writing

  39. Pingback: help writing a thesis statement

  40. Pingback: custom english essays

  41. Pingback: best custom essay writing service

  42. Pingback: dissertation service

  43. Pingback: best essay writers online

  44. Pingback: custom college paper

  45. Pingback: where to buy cialis in calgary safely

  46. Pingback: levitra vs cialis side effects

  47. Pingback: real cialis on line ordering

  48. Pingback: canadia online pharmacy

  49. Pingback: cheap prescription drugs

  50. Pingback: cialis dapoxetine canada

  51. Pingback: purchase cialis for daily use

  52. Pingback: buy tablets viagra low cost

  53. Pingback: levitra online fast delivery

  54. Pingback: price comparison tadalafil

  55. Pingback: viagra gel price

  56. Pingback: online sildenafil usa

  57. Pingback: sildenafil oral gel youtube

  58. Pingback: over the counter cialis 2017

  59. Pingback: cost of generic levitra

  60. Pingback: discount cialis generic

  61. Pingback: generic cialis uk

  62. Pingback: reliable online pharmacy cialis

  63. Pingback: desyrel interactions cialis

  64. Pingback: walmart tadalafil otc

  65. Pingback: sildenafil 50 mg coupon

  66. Pingback: cheap viagra generic best price

  67. Pingback: levitra 10mg vs 20mg australia

  68. Pingback: marley generics viagra reviews

  69. Pingback: buy brand viagra cheap

  70. Pingback: otc generic cialis

  71. Pingback: acheter viagra 25mg

  72. Pingback: sister helps brother viagra problems

  73. Pingback: can i buy cialis in mexico

  74. Pingback: canada pharmaceuticals online generic

  75. Pingback: teva generic cialis price australia

  76. Pingback: acheter levitra without prescription

  77. Pingback: sildenafil generic canada

  78. Pingback: viagra sex pill australia

  79. Pingback: levitra 20mg how to use australia

  80. Pingback: price for sildenafil 20 mg

  81. Pingback: levitra 10 mg y alcohol

  82. Pingback: compare prescription prices

  83. Pingback: prescription drug assistance

  84. Pingback: overnight cialisis on line

  85. Pingback: viagra cialis trail pack

  86. Pingback: best place to buy generic cialis

  87. Pingback: donde comprar viagra monterrey

  88. Pingback: is eating watermelon like taking viagra

  89. Pingback: buy viagra online without prescription

  90. Pingback: grapefruit and cialis

  91. Pingback: does cialis work with alcohol

  92. Pingback: cialis with alcohol

  93. Pingback: how does cialis work best

  94. Pingback: top canadian online pharmacies

  95. Pingback: ambien cr canadian pharmacy

  96. Pingback: buy viagra cialis mix online

  97. Pingback: global pharmacy rx

  98. Pingback: cialis on sale

  99. Pingback: viagra alternatives

  100. Pingback: tadalafil citrate bodybuilding

  101. Pingback: online viagra purchase

  102. Pingback: tadalafil 5mg generic

  103. Pingback: viagra for girls

  104. Pingback: cialis 10mg dosage

  105. Pingback: sildenafil for women

  106. Pingback: cialis at costco

  107. Pingback: best natural viagra

  108. Pingback: gabapentin 100mg

  109. Pingback: cialis free trial

  110. Pingback: vardenafil generic cost

  111. Pingback: viagra patent

  112. Pingback: norvasc 10 mg

  113. Pingback: lipitor 40 mg

  114. Pingback: meloxicam medication

  115. Pingback: metoprolol er

  116. Pingback: cozaar losartan

  117. Pingback: viagra discount coupon

  118. Pingback: tadalafil capsule

  119. Pingback: levitra drug

  120. Pingback: cymbalta generics

  121. Pingback: prednisone uses

  122. Pingback: amitriptyline 50mg

  123. Pingback: duloxetine hydrochloride

  124. Pingback: losartan potassium hydrochlorothiazide

  125. Pingback: metformin 1000 mg price

  126. Pingback: warnings for mirtazapine

  127. Pingback: bupropion

  128. Pingback: buspirone interactions

  129. Pingback: escitalopram vs citalopram

  130. Pingback: tizanidine dosage

  131. Pingback: wellbutrin drug class

  132. Pingback: warnings for voltaren

  133. Pingback: clonidine generic

  134. Pingback: finasteride for women

  135. Pingback: carvedilol para que sirve

  136. Pingback: metronidazole gel 1

  137. Pingback:

  138. Pingback: tadalafil 5 mg

  139. Pingback: mom son viagra

  140. Pingback: cialis liquid

  141. Pingback: sildenafil tablets

  142. Pingback: levitra dosage generic

  143. Pingback: how to take prednisone pack

  144. Pingback: get hydroxychloroquine online

  145. Pingback: dapoxetine for ed

  146. Pingback: free dating numbers

  147. Pingback: acyclovir 400mg tab

  148. Pingback: amoxicillin 875 mg

  149. Pingback: donepezil hcl 5 mg

  150. Pingback: amoxicillin dosage for cats

  151. Pingback: zithromax generic price

  152. Pingback: cefdinir 300 mg capsule

  153. Pingback: cephalexin keflex

  154. Pingback: clindamycin for dogs

  155. Pingback: erythromycin eye ointment

  156. Pingback: azithromycin dose

  157. Pingback: dapoxetine levitra staxyn stendra and viagra

  158. Pingback: purchase cialis online cheap

  159. Pingback: online medication cialis

  160. Pingback: viagra women

  161. Pingback: real cialis pills

  162. Pingback: viagra no prescription

  163. Pingback: goodrx cialis

  164. Pingback: levitra vs viagra

  165. Pingback: viagra definition

  166. Pingback: albuterol nebulizer solution dosage

  167. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine plaquenil for sale

  168. Pingback: 40mg cialis

  169. Pingback: tadalafil daily use

  170. Pingback: 200 mg viagra

  171. Pingback: viagra buy online

  172. Pingback: women taking viagra

  173. Pingback: super viagra

  174. Pingback: viagra doses

  175. Pingback: 40 mg sildenafil

  176. Pingback: viagra amazon

  177. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine for sale india

  178. Pingback: norvasc amlodipine

  179. Pingback: no prescription cialis

  180. Pingback: levitra sans ordonnance

  181. Pingback: metformin 500

  182. Pingback: cialis 60mg

  183. Pingback: amoxicillin no prescription

  184. Pingback: doxycycline hyclate 100 mg

  185. Pingback: furosemide 40 mg tablets

  186. Pingback: xenical cap 120mg

  187. Pingback: cost of priligy

  188. Pingback: propecia cost

  189. Pingback: bimatoprost acid

  190. Pingback: clomiphene citrate cycle

  191. Pingback: fluconazole medication 150 mg

  192. Pingback: domperidone medication united states

  193. Pingback: monitoring while on tamoxifen

  194. Pingback: prednisolone tablets for cats

  195. Pingback: naltrexone cost with medicaid

  196. Pingback: valtrex dosing shingles treatment

  197. Pingback: zanaflex dosing

  198. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine long term

  199. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine and covid

  200. Pingback: cialis price

  201. Pingback: best price tadalafil

  202. Pingback: ciprofloxacin fluoride poison

  203. Pingback: cialis side

  204. Pingback: cialis no prescription

  205. Pingback: cialis europe

  206. Pingback: sildenafil 1000 mg

  207. Pingback: sildenafil tablets uk

  208. Pingback: women on viagra

  209. Pingback: hydroxychloroquine clinical trials results

  210. Pingback: tylenol with codeine online pharmacy

  211. Pingback: generic viagra from canada

  212. Pingback: cialis from canada

  213. Pingback: canada discount drugs online

  214. Pingback: order viagra from canada

  215. Pingback: best online canadian pharmacy review

  216. Pingback: can you take viagra with antidepressants

  217. Pingback:

  218. Pingback: ivermectil interaction with alcohol

  219. Pingback: cantoral zovirax servantes

  220. Pingback: chloroquine for sale craigslist

  221. Pingback: priligy dosage

  222. Pingback: ivermecta clav for scabicide

  223. Pingback: hydrochlorothiazide medicine

  224. Pingback: losartan and amlodipine

  225. Pingback: prozac impotence permanent

  226. Pingback: trazodone and zoloft

  227. Pingback: ivermectin 6 price in india

  228. Pingback: can you drink alcohol while taking lexapro

  229. Pingback: how do i wean myself from duloxetine dr

  230. Pingback:

  231. Pingback: hydrochlorothiazide sulfa allergy

  232. Pingback: viagra online cheap

  233. Pingback: atorvastatin joint pain

  234. Pingback: viagra online prescription free

  235. Pingback: viagra buy

  236. Pingback: cheap viagra online

  237. Pingback: cialis tadalafil 20 mg tablets

  238. Pingback: cialis

  239. Pingback: cialis 24 hours

  240. Pingback: is escitalopram a good choice to treat anxiety

  241. Pingback: ivermectin for tonsillitis

  242. Pingback: can you buy cialis online

  243. Pingback: sildenafil coupon

  244. Pingback: ivermectin 1000mg

  245. Pingback: viagra pills

  246. Pingback: ivermectin for humans oral

  247. Pingback: 1

  248. Pingback: female viagra pills

  249. Pingback: cheapest price for cialis

  250. Pingback: ivermectin contraindications

  251. Pingback: viagra online canadian pharmacy

  252. Pingback: buy generic viagra from canada

  253. Pingback: how long does it take for duloxetine to work

  254. Pingback: where can i buy generic viagra online

  255. Pingback: amoxicillin dental

  256. Pingback: how long does cialis stay in your system

  257. Pingback: viagraherse

  258. Pingback: buy sildenafil

  259. Pingback: propecia 1 mg genpharma indian

  260. Pingback: cialis pills for sale

  261. Pingback: prednisone uk

  262. Pingback: viagra price

  263. Pingback: can you buy cialis over the counter in canada

  264. Pingback: buy viagra for female online india

  265. Pingback: buy ivermectin otc

  266. Pingback: buy sildenafil online safely

  267. Pingback: buy cialis 20mg

  268. Pingback: ivermectin walmart

  269. Pingback: pharmacy prices for sildenafil

  270. Pingback: order generic cialis online

  271. Pingback: buy zithramax hong kong

  272. Pingback: ivermectin canine dosage

  273. Pingback: ivermectin and permethrin

  274. Pingback: ivermectin injection for sheep

  275. Pingback: ivermectin for alpacas

  276. Pingback: buy sildenafil without prescription cheap

  277. Pingback: what is in ventolin inhaler

  278. Pingback: the two women that helped promate viagra for women

  279. Pingback: ivermectin heartgard

  280. Pingback: ivermectin drench

  281. Pingback: my cat ate viagra pill

  282. Pingback: viagra power pill

  283. Pingback: tadalafil prescription

  284. Pingback: taldenafil

  285. Pingback: milbemycin oxime vs ivermectin

  286. Pingback: online pharmacy no prescription zithromax

  287. Pingback: soolantra stromectol

  288. Pingback: cheapest retail pharmacy location mn to buy viagra

  289. Pingback: viagra para mujeres

  290. Pingback: tractor supply ivermectin wormer

  291. Pingback: lisinopril kidney problems

  292. Pingback: sildenafil generic

  293. Pingback: buy generic viagra

  294. Pingback: reviews of dapoxetine

  295. Pingback: ivermectin brand name in usa

  296. Pingback: generic cialis 10mg

  297. Pingback: no prescription clomid

Comments are closed.